#EHR in India: Challenges and Opportunities vis-a’-vis’ Ayushman Bharat by Dr. Oommen John, @oommen_john

As India is embarking on a journey towards providing Universal Health Coverage through multi-pronged approaches of reducing catastrophic out of pocket expenditure and increasing access to essential health services , it is envisaged that Health Information Technologies (HIT) / Digital Health would create enabling environments for addressing some of the system level challenges in healthcare delivery.


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Software Product For Hospital Industry by Girish Koppar @KopparGirish



Before we talk about software product for hospital industry lets understand how the Hospitals are broadly classified

- Based on the legal entity ( Private , Trust or Corporate)
- Based on specialty ( Super specialty, Multi-specialty, Single specialty)
- Based on bed strength ( Larger hospitals and Nursing Homes)

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Electronic Health Record System from the Perspective of Data Privacy by Dr. SB Bhattacharyya @sbbhattacharyya

Electronic health record systems handle health-related ultra-sensitive data of a person throughout his life, along with all personal information that accurately identifies him. This makes it imperative to protect the data from cyber-threats and consequent untold damages. This article discusses the various issues involved and the different mitigation methods.

During the course of any clinical encounter a person discloses ultra-sensitive health related information to his provider to enable the latter to address his health-related problems better, faster, and hopefully, cheaper. Information that he would otherwise rather keep well under wraps. Ethics demands all providers treat all information that their patients disclose to them with the greatest of care and keep them secreted away from everyone, even the spouse, unless explicitly released from this obligation by the patient. The confidentiality of the private information needs to be maintained at the highest possible levels of security by medical professionals at all times—unless there are extenuating circumstances to disclose them, like for the public good, compliance to the law, etc.

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Timeline: The History of the EMR/EHR by David Rice @bigdatadavid13



Much of the conversation around healthcare technology is centered on where new developments are taking us. But as the age old adage goes, you can’t know where you’re going until you know where you’ve been.
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What is #BlockChain? Implications for Healthcare by @msharmas

In my previous article I discussed about the benefits and barriers to the use of an Integrated Health Information Platform. In healthcare the need for presenting the Information to the Right Person at the Right Time has been proven to improve outcomes in patient treatment.

Will HIE 2.0 benefit from the use of Blockchain in presenting the information to the Right Person at the Right Time? 


What is Blockchain?
Various definitions of Blockchain have been put across based on the context of the use. Some of these definitions are: 

A digital ledger in which transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency are recorded chronologically and publicly.

“The blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.” Don & Alex Tapscott, authors Blockchain Revolution (2016)

The Blockchain is a decentralized ledger of all transactions across a peer-to-peer network. Using this technology, participants can confirm transactions without the need for a central certifying authority. Potential applications include, fund transfers, settling trades, voting etc.

Blockchain is a distributed system for recording and storing transaction records. More specifically, blockchain is a shared, immutable record of peer-to-peer transactions built from linked transaction blocks and stored in a digital ledger. [1]

A Blockchain is a data structure that can be timed-stamped and signed using a private key to prevent tampering. There are generally three types of Blockchain: public, private and consortium. [6] 

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Benefits of an Integrated Health Information Platform #IHIP by @msharmas


We have seen the benefits of Aadhar and how a public data repository can be used for public good. Population Health based clinical data repositories too can play a similar pivotal role in providing potentially great benefits

The use of Healthcare IT in the Indian context is picking up with most of the corporate hospitals going for the #EHRs and HIMS solutions. And these are present mostly in the Tier I cities and urban areas. There is a move now to get these solutions to the Tier 2 and Tier 3 centers as well. I would be looking to review reports that highlight percentage of IT enablement in Healthcare facilities, as part of follow up articles to this one.
The Center for Healthcare Informatics has rolled out an RFI detailing the requirements of an Integrated Healthcare Information Platform (IHIP). You can also visit the dedicated website to review the details of the IHIP RFI:
In this article I would like to highlight the benefits that will accrue from implementing such a solution in India. With no historic data of past implementations of such a system in India, I have reviewed the information available in journals and public domain regarding similar implementations across the world and what are the benefits and barriers in implementing an Healthcare Information Highway of patient healthcare data.

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#PatientSafety is the key in the era of #DigitalHealth by @Drvikram

India has just seven registered allopathy doctors per 1,000 people; Indian healthcare was ranked 112th in the world by WHO; It takes almost 133 people to take care of 1 patient in a tertiary care hospital; There are now 133 touch points where patient safety can be compromised; Our healthcare system is unable to measure Patient safety, a very important parameter, mostly due to lack of longitudinal records;

India has just seven registered allopathy doctors per 1,000 people. Indian healthcare was ranked 112th in the world in a survey by the WHO. It is therefore unsurprising that most discussions in the healthcare sector today are focused around ways and means to build more infrastructure and increase access to care. 

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